How to Light a Charcoal Grill
How to light charcoal grills
Lighting a fire is one of those skills that’s easy to master. Once you understand the basics you’ll soon be able to get your grill up from freshly lit, to cook ready in about 30 minutes.
In this guide, I’ll run through the basics of starting the fire, and give you a few tips to tell when it’s time to start cooking out! Be sure to check out our reviews of charcoal smokers.
Step 1: Get your fuel evenly spaced
The key thing with a charcoal burn, is not to “pyramid” your fuel into the center of the grill. Unlike a camp fire, your grill will create a tightly controlled zone, keeping all that heat in one place. Once you get your charcoal lit, the fire will slowly spread across the entire grill.
It makes sense to get the grill on an even keel too. Make sure that you’ve selected a section of grass or patio that allows the grill to settle nicely. Avoid situations where the grill is tipping or rocking over, at best this is pain when you’re trying to cook and at worse you’ll end up with a safety hazard!
Step 2: Starting the Fire
There’s a couple of ways to go about this. Firstly, you could try fire lighting gel or fire lighter blocks. Both lighting compounds are designed to burn consistently and slowly to give the charcoal enough heat to ignite on their own.
I like to add newspaper to the charcoal. You don’t need a huge amount, just enough to put an even layer underneath and through the coals. What you’re aiming for is a quick way for the fire to spread evenly throughout the coal base, so it makes sense to layer your lighting gel and newspaper evenly throughout.
Whatever you do, please don’t use petrol, paint thinners or methylated spirits to start the fire! The problem with these fluids, is that their extremely volatile and burn so quickly the coals won’t have enough time to ignite on their own – not to mention the safety issues!
To start the fire, ignite the four corners of your base or the 4 most distant parts of the circle if you’re using a bowl style grill. As the fire begins to take hold, you’ll notice the flames slowly creeping into the middle as more and more coals ignite.
Getting A Consistent Temperature
When you first light a grill, the temperature will fluctuate wildly as new coals ignite and your lighting compound begins its strong initial burn. This is the worst time to start cooking, as it will lead to your meats being overdone on the outside, yet raw in the middle.
Instead, let your new fire burn away for 20 minutes to half an hour. What happens during this time, is that the lighting compound and newspaper will burn out, leaving your coals to do all the work. Charcoal, is quite slow burning as a fuel, and will eventually slow down to a steady heat.
What does this look like? Well, after 20 minutes, you should notice the initial flames have all but died down, leaving a red hot/white smolder across 70% of the grill. It’s at this point you can start your cookout!
Splitting the Fire
Sometimes, you’ll want to create two zones inside your grill. One side will be white hot and ready to cook your burgers, sausages and chicken, whilst the other will be cooler and more suited to cooking peppers and gently grilling buns.
To achieve this, you want to have a single layer of coals running down the “cool” side of the grill, and 3 or 4 layers on the “hot” side. That way you’ll have more flexibility when grilling.
I mentioned this before, but I still see people doing it so feel it’s an important safety message.
Never, ever, light your grill with petrol or methylated spirits!
As I said before, these fuels are highly volatile, burn too quickly to be of much use and can easily ignite into a ball of flames! Stick to lighting gel or blocks to get the slow and steady ignition you need.